The broad spectrum of respiratory disease implies that the range of therapeutic options is similarly wide. Where appropriate, preventive measures should also be applied – smoking cessation, immunisation and improvements in air quality should be particularly encouraged.

Some forms of treatment are common to several diseases; this applies to both pharmacological agents (antibiotics for various infections, bronchodilators for narrowed airways) and nonpharmacological treatments (oxygen, physiotherapy, mechanical ventilatory support).

See the entire Principles of respiratory therapy Chapter