Further reading



  • Pasteur MC, Bilton D, Hill AT, et al. Guideline for non-CF bronchiectasis. Thorax 2010; 65: Suppl. 1, i1–i58.


  • Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Global strategy for diagnosis, management and prevention of COPD. Updated 2013. www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/ files/GOLD_Report_2013_Feb20.pdf
  • Roberts CM, Brown JL, Reinhardt AK, et al. Non-invasive ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: management of acute type 2 respiratory failure. Clin Med 2008; 8: 517–521.

Cystic fibrosis

  • Flume PA, O’Sullivan BP, Robinson KA, et al. Cystic fibrosis pulmonary guidelines: chronic medications for maintenance of lung health. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2007; 176: 957–969.
  • Inhaled therapy• Laub BL, Janssens HM, de Jongh FHC, et al. What the pulmonary specialist should know about the new inhalation therapies. Eur Respir J 2011; 37: 1308–1417.

Interstitial lung disease

  • Raghu G, Collard HR, Egan JJ, et al. An official ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT statement: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and management. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2011; 183: 788–824.
  • Wells AU, Hirani N. Interstitial Lung Disease guidelines: the British Thoracic Society in collaboration with the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand and the Irish Thoracic Society. Thorax 2008; 63: Suppl. 5, v1–v58.

Lung cancer

  • Alberts WM, American College of Chest Physicians. Diagnosis and management of lung cancer: ACCP guidelines. Chest 2007; 132: Suppl. 3, 1s–19s.
  • National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Lung cancer: the diagnosis and treatment. Clinical Guidance 121; 2011. guidance.nice.org.uk/CG121

Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

  • Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Management of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome in adults. Guideline no. 73. 2003. www.sign.ac.uk/guidline/ fulltext/73

Oxygen treatment

  • O’Driscoll BR, Howard LS, Davison AG. BTS guideline for emergency oxygen use in adult patients. Thorax 2008; 63: Suppl. 6, vi1–vi68.

Pleural disease

  • Maskell N, British Thoracic Society Pleural Disease Guideline Group. British Thoracic Society pleural disease guidelines. Thorax 2010; 65: 667–669.


  • Woodhead M, Blasi F, Ewig S, et al. Guidelines for the management of adult lower respiratory tract infections. Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; 17: Suppl. 6, 1–24.

Pulmonary hypertension

  • Galie N, Hoeper MM, Humbert M, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J 2009; 34: 1219–1263.


  • National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Clinical diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and measures for its prevention and control. Clinical Guidance 117; 2011. www.guidance.nice.org.uk/CG117

See the entire Principles of respiratory therapy Chapter