Multiplication and Division
Outcomes

MA16NA
Uses a range of mental strategies and concrete materials for multiplication and division

Multiplication and Division 1
 Model and use equal groups of objects as a strategy for multiplication

Recognise and represent division as grouping into equal sets (ACMNA032)

Recognise when there are equal numbers of items in groups, eg 'There are three pencils in each group'
Examples

Model division by sharing a collection of objects equally into a given number of groups to determine how many in each group, eg determine the number in each group when 10 objects are shared between two people
Examples

Recognise when there are equal numbers of items in groups, eg 'There are three pencils in each group'

Multiplication and Division 2

Recognise and represent multiplication as repeated addition, groups and arrays (ACMNA031)

Model multiplication as repeated addition, eg 3 groups of 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4
Examples

Recognise when items have been arranged into groups, eg 'I can see two groups of three pencils'
Examples

Use concrete materials to model multiplication as equal 'groups' and by forming an array of equal 'rows' or equal 'columns'
Examples

Model the commutative property of multiplication, eg '3 groups of 2 is the same as 2 groups of 3'
Examples

Model multiplication as repeated addition, eg 3 groups of 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4
 Represent division as grouping into equal sets and solve simple problems using these representations (ACMNA032)

Recognise and represent multiplication as repeated addition, groups and arrays (ACMNA031)

Multiplication and Division 1