Key points

  • Each year, almost 400 000 new cases of TB are diagnosed in Europe, and more than 40 000 people die of the disease.
  • TB is particularly problematic among the countries of the former Soviet Union, where multidrug-resistant TB is also highly prevalent.
  • The proportion of TB cases with HIV infection among all TB cases tested for the virus in the WHO European region is increasing by 20% a year.
  • The World Health Organization’s Stop TB Strategy is a comprehensive public health approach to controlling the disease.
  • There have been significant advances in diagnostic techniques for TB, but there remain logistical and financial obstacles to their widespread adoption.
  • TB treatment is complex and takes many months, using a combination, usually of four drugs.

See the entire Tuberculosis Chapter