Key points

  • Although pertussis vaccination coverage is high across Europe, vaccination rates for influenza, pneumococcal disease and tuberculosis vary wildly.
  • Vaccinating groups other than the most vulnerable can have a protective ‘herd effect’ on society as a whole by reducing disease transmission within the population.
  • New vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae offer the possibility of striking reductions in invasive disease.
  • The only available vaccine against tuberculosis dates to the early 20th century. Although it is generally safe, its efficacy is limited and it does not provide complete protection.

See the entire Immunisation against respiratory diseases Chapter