Key points

  • Patients with bronchiectasis typically have chronic airway infection, punctuated by acute exacerbations and accompanied by progressive airflow obstruction.
  • Bronchiectasis occurs in cystic fibrosis (CF), primary ciliary dyskinesia and primary immunodeficiencies and is also associated with systemic diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Computed tomography is often necessary for confident diagnosis of bronchiectasis.
  • Management of non-CF bronchiectasis is largely based on evidence extrapolated from studies in CF and COPD.

See the entire Bronchiectasis Chapter