Key points

  • Community-acquired pneumonia is the most frequent cause of death from infection in Europe.
  • The majority of patients with pneumonia are treated at home, but about 1 million are hospitalised annually in the EU.
  • On average, in Europe, approximately 80% of isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most frequently identified cause of pneumonia, are now resistant to commonly used penicillin and macrolide antibiotics.
  • Influenza usually affects the very young and the old, but the H1N1 pandemic hit younger adults particularly hard.